Thrombectomy is a medical procedure that involves the removal of a blood clot, usually from an artery or vein. It is typically done in cases where the clot is blocking the flow of blood through a vein or artery, such as in cases of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), pulmonary embolism (PE), or heart attack. During the procedure, a doctor uses a device, such as a catheter, to break up the clot and remove it from the body. The procedure is considered minimally invasive, and it is often done under conscious sedation or local anesthesia.
The goal of thrombectomy is to restore blood flow to the affected area and prevent further complications, such as stroke, from occurring. The procedure is most commonly used when other treatments, such as medications or surgery, are not suitable or effective. It is also used to reduce the long–term risk of complications associated with a blood clot, such as recurrent blood clots, organ damage, and death.
Thrombectomy is a safe and effective treatment for many people with blood clots, and it can help reduce the risk of complications. However, it is important to discuss all potential risks and benefits with a doctor before undergoing the procedure.